Wheat gluten is the water-insoluble protein portion contained within the endosperm of wheat. Gluten can be separated from wheat, with the resulting substance consisting mainly of protein but also containing small amounts of fat, moisture, and ash. The protein component of gluten is comprised of many different types of protein molecules, the majority of which fall under the classification of gliadin (single-chained) or glutenin (multi-chained) protein fractions. These proteins give gluten its characteristic cohesive and elastic properties, which serve to make wheat unique in its suitability for bread making.
The storage proteins of wheat are unique because they are also functional proteins. They do not have enzyme activity, but they are the only cereal proteins to form a strong, cohesive dough that will retain gas and produce light baked products. They can be easily isolated by removing starch and albumins/globulins by gently working a dough under a small stream of cold water. After washing, a rubbery ball is left, which is called gluten.
This food is very low in Saturated Fat, Cholesterol and Sodium. It is also a good source of Selenium, and a very good source of Protein.
Gluten is wheat gum, the insoluble component of grains (such as wheat, barley, and rye). It is a mixture of gliadin, glutenin, and other proteins. Gluten causes allergy-like reactions in certain people. A gluten-free diet is the primary therapeutic treatment for celiac disease,
Wheat gluten contains approximately 75 – 80% protein. Thus, its primary nutritional usage is for protein supplementation, with applications in a variety of products, such as cereals and specialty beverages. While wheat gluten is limited in its content of the amino acid lysine, it is still an effective protein fortificant, especially when used in conjunction with soy, a protein source high in lysine. U.S. government regulations allow for fortification of foods with protein (2), and wheat gluten is one of a variety of sources that can be used for this purpose.
The Wheat protein is raw in nature and does not require heat of any kind in its processing. There are about 370 calories per 100 grams of gluten.
We have chosen not to use wheat proteins as a sole source of protein in the Amaranth Delight cereal. Mixed with soy, whey, and amaranth makes the balance is much better.
We trust that this gluten nutritional information has been helpful.